RESHARE: #Romania Manastirea Durau, Romania Durău Monastery
Reshared text: Romania culturala - O posibila integrare si mai mare a statelor nationale europene, in viitor, dupa cum viseaza unii lideri europeni, ar conduce la disparitia culturilor "mici", acestea fiind inghitite de culturile "mari". Este una din consecintele integrarii, o pierdere(si partiala) a suveranitatii ...culturale. Incerc si eu sa lansez ideea unui concurs pe teme culturale. Pentru inceput: ce manastire apare in poza de mai jos?
Reshared text: Gaining ground - solo Pinus mugo, probably will extend on the ground here in the next years if it won't be bothered. It is a protected specie, unfortunately the shepherds are still burning them for stopping their growing, so they won't loose their pasture grounds in the mountains. Near Gugu peak, Godeanu Mountains, Romania, 2012 http://www.sserban.com/places/?album=5&gallery=23
La stema... Municipiul Resita STEMA se compune dintr-un scut cu marginile rotunjite, tăiat în bandă şi în bară; În primul câmp de azur o frunză de stejar cu grindă de aur; În câmpul al doilea de argint un furnal roşu; În câmpul al treilea de azur o liră de aur; În şef, pe fond roşu o locomotivă în culoare naturală (neagră); Scutul este timbrat cu o coroană murală cu 7 turnuri.
SEMNIFICAŢIA ELEMENTELOR ÎNSUMATE: Furnalul şi locomotivele amintesc de tradiţia industrială de peste două secole a oraşului, ce s-a dezvoltat în jurul industriei metalurgice şi de la sfârşitul secolului al XIX-lea, în jurul producţiei de locomotive; Frunza de stejar cu ghinde şi lira sunt imaginea activităţii musical-culturale a localităţii, a celei turistice, ce se dezvoltă în prezent şi a perspectivei ecologice a localităţii; Culorile alese sunt cele mai mobile culori heraldice şi sunt în deplină concordanţă cu simboluri alese; Coroana murală, cu şapte turnuri reprezintă rangul localităţii, de municipiu, reşedinţă de judeţ. http://ro.wikipedia.org/wiki/Re%C8%99i%C8%9Ba #Romania#towns#landscapephotography
***22 septembrie 1931: La propunerea lui Nicolae Iorga, președinte al Consiliului de Miniștri, Constantin Brâncuși a fost decorat cu ordinul "Meritul cultural pentru artă plastica"
Constantin Brâncuși (1876 – 1957) was a Romanian-born sculptor who made his career in France. As a child he displayed an aptitude for carving wooden farm tools. Formal studies took him first to Bucharest, then to Munich, then to the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. His abstract style emphasizes clean geometrical lines that balance forms inherent in his materials with the symbolic allusions of representational art. Famous Brâncuși works include the Sleeping Muse (1908), The Kiss (1908), Prometheus (1911), Mademoiselle Pogany (1913), The Newborn (1915), Bird in Space (1919) and The Column of the Infinite (Coloana infinitului), popularly known as The Endless Column (1938). Considered the pioneer of modernism, Brâncuși is called the patriarch of modern sculpture.
Tudor Gheorghe is a Romanian musician, actor and poet known primarily for his politically charged musical career and his collaborations with well known figures of late 20th century Romanian poetry. Tudor's recording work is often associated with anti communist activism and has received much critical acclaim during the years. The son of an Iron Guard member, he was forced to take a 4 year break from music by communist authorities after a series of concerts in which he performed songs with politically charged content by renowned Romanian author Ion Luca Caragiale. He was listed as number 76 on the 2006 100 Greatest Romanians of All Time .
Maria Tănase (1913 – 1963) was a renowned singer of Romanian folklore. Her debut proper took place on June 2, 1937 with the stage name of Mary Atanasiu in the musical hall theatres, Alhambra and Gioconda. She represented Romania at the International Exhibition in Paris in 1937, as well as at the 1939 New York World's Fair. During World War II, together with George Enescu, George Vraca and Constantin Tănase, she performed in a series of shows for soldiers injured on the battlefield. On February 20, 1938 she made her radio debut and fame came shortly afterwards. In 1955, she received the State Prize and in 1957 she was honored with the medals "Ordinul Muncii" (The Order for Activity), "Premiul de Stat" (The State Award), and the title "Artistă Emerită" (Honoured Artist of the Republic) for her contributions to the arts. She toured many times in the last 15 years of her life, including over forty trips to New York City. She died on June 22, 1963 and is buried at the Bellu cemetery in Bucharest, Romania.
In September 25, 1872 has been in use Bucharest North Railway station
Is the main railway station in Bucharest and the largest railway station in Romania. The station and its surroundings were heavily bombed by the Allies in April 1944 during a campaign aimed at the German supply lines, since the station played an important part in the Romanian railway network and was the main departure point for troops headed to the Eastern Front.
Mogoşoaia Palace is situated about 10 kilometres from Bucharest, Romania. It was built between 1698-1702 by Constantin Brâncoveanu in what is called the Romanian Renaissance style or Brâncovenesc style, a combination of Venetian and Ottoman elements. The palace bears the name of the widow of the Romanian boyar Mogoş, who owned the land it was built on. The Palace was to a large extent rebuilt in the 1920s by Marthe Bibesco.
Reshared text: The Palace of Culture Iaşi, Romania
The Palace of Culture (Romanian: Palatul Culturii) is an edifice located in Iaşi, Romania. The building served as Administrative Palace and then Palace of Justice until 1955, when its destination was changed again, being assigned to the four museums nowadays united under the name of Moldova National Museum Complex. Also, the building houses the Cultural Heritage Conservation-Restoration Centre, the main branch of the Gheorghe Asachi Iaşi County Library and hosts various exhibitions and other events. The Palace of Culture is listed in the National Register of Historic Monuments.
The construction, started in 1906, was partly built on the old ruins of the mediaeval Royal Court of Moldavia (1434), and partly on top of the foundations of the former neoclassical style palace, dated to the time of Prince Alexandru Moruzi (1806), rebuilt by Prince Mihail Sturdza and dismantled in 1904. It was from this latter building that the Palace inherited the legend of the 365 rooms, as many as the days within one year.
The Romanian architect I.D. Berindei was assigned to plan the building and he designed it in flamboyant neo-Gothic style. During World War I, the construction halted due to the limitation of resources. The monument was inaugurated on 11 October 1925 by King Ferdinand of Romania.
The Palace has 298 large rooms with a total area of over 36,000 m2 (390,000 sq ft), 92 windows in the front part of the building and another 36 inside the building.
Decoratively, the central hall shows a figurative mosaic including various representations of a gothic bestiary, concentrically arranged: two-headed eagles, dragons, griffons, lions. The hall is superposed by a glass ceiling room, where initially a greenhouse was arranged.
Born 26 September 1950 in Bucharest - is a retired Romanian artistic gymnast specialized in rings. In 1974 he became Romania’s first world champion in artistic gymnastics. He is a bronze Olympic medalist and a multiple world and European medalist on rings. Grecu represented Romania at three Olympic Games (1972, 1976 and 1980). After retirement he was for many years the head coach of the Romanian national team of men's artistic gymnastics. He is Marian Dragulescu's coach.
Reshared text: DRAMATIC MOSS-COVERED WATERFALL IN ROMANIA
This is the Bigar Cascade Falls in Carass Severin, Romania. The dramatic moss-covered falls are situated in the forests of the Anina Mountains and is formed by an underground water spring that spills into the Minis River.
Dumitru-Dorin Prunariu (born September 27, 1952 in Braşov) is a Romanian astronaut who flew aboard Soyuz 40. He graduated the University POLITEHNICA of Bucharest obtaining a degree in Aerospace Engineering. He was selected for spaceflight training in 1978 as a part of the Intercosmos Program. Obtaining the maximum marks during three years of preparation he was selected for a joint space flight with the Russian cosmonaut Leonid Popov. In May 1981 they completed an eight-day space mission on board Soyuz 40 and the Salyut 6 space laboratory where they completed scientific experiments in the fields of astrophysics, space radiation, space technology, space medicine and biology. Prunariu became the 103rd human being to fly into the Outer Space. In 1981, after completing the flight, he received the awards of Hero of the Socialist Republic of Romania and Hero of the Soviet Union (22 May 1981) and the medal "Golden Star". He was also awarded the Order of Lenin.
Mihaela Ursuleasa (September 27, 1978 – August 2, 2012)
Romanian concert pianist. In 1995, she won the Clara Haskil International Piano Competition. In 2010, she was awarded the Echo Klassik award for her debut album Piano & Forte. She released her second album, Romanian Rhapsody in 2011. Ursuleasa began playing the piano at the age of five under the tutelage of her father, a jazz musicican. In 1990, at the age of 12, she obtained a grant to study in Vienna. She went on to perform at Carnegie Hall, with the Rundfunk-Sinfonieorchester in Berlin, with the Orchestre National de France, as well as with the London Philharmonic Orchestra. She died in Vienna at 33 years.
Arsenie Boca ( 29 September 1910 – 28 November 1989) was a Romanian Orthodox monk, theologian and artist. He was persecuted by the Communists and named among the 100 Greatest Romanians. He was born in the village Vața de Sus, in the county of Hunedoara, and his parents gave him the first name Zian. He studied at the ”Avram Iancu” National High School, graduating it in 1929. The same year he starts to study at the Theological Academy in Sibiu, which he graduated in 1933. He received a scholarship from the archbishop of Transylvania to study at the Institute of Bellearte in Bucharest. Meanwhile, he attended the medical classes of professor Francisc Rainer and the Christian Mystics class of professor Nichifor Crainic. Remarking on his artistic talent, professor Costin Petrescu entrusted him to paint the scene that represents Mihai Viteazul from the Romanian Athenaeum. Sent by his bishop, he traveled to Mount Athos for documentation and spiritual experience. He was made a deacon on 29 September 1935 by metropolitan Nicolae Bălan. In 1939 he spents three months in the Romanian Skete Prodromos on Mount Athos. On his return, he joins the Brâncoveanu Monastery at Sâmbăta de Sus, Braşov County, where he takes his vows and is tonsured into monachism in 1940. He will be ordained priest and become the abbot of the Brâncoveanu Monastery in 1942. As abbot he will embellish and renovate the buildings of the monastery, but also enrich its spiritual and cultural life, helping the theologian Dumitru Stăniloae, from Sibiu, with the translation into Romanian of the first volumes of the Philokalia, a collection of early Church fathers and monastics in the hesychast tradition. After the installation of the communist regime in Romania, Boca was persecuted by the authorities and the Securitate, the regime's secret police. He was arested several times for helping the anti-communist resistance, displaced from Brâncoveau Monastery to Prislop Monastery and then Sinaia Monastery, banned from monasticism and Church activity and constantly under the surveillance and harassment of the Securitate.
Prislop Pass (Romanian: Pasul Prislop) is a mountain pass in northern Romania, connecting the historical regions of Maramureş and Bukovina over the Rodna Mountains, in the Eastern Carpathians. It is situated at an altitude of 1,416 meters. The nearest city is Borşa.
Reshared text: Descoperă România - ţinutul dacilor! Discover Romania - Land of the Dacians!
Pasul Prislop se află în Munții Rodnei și este situat la altitudinea de 1413 m, în cea mai înaltă trecătoare din România care leagă Maramureșul cu Moldova, avînd lungimea de 50 km și o lățime ce variază între 30 și 40 de km, partea de nord este abruptă, trecătoarea continuîndu-se spre sud cu o pantă domoală. (wikipedia) +România de vis
Eliezer "Elie" Wiesel KBE (born September 30 1928) is a Romanian-born Jewish-American writer, professor, political activist, Nobel Laureate, and Holocaust survivor. He is the author of 57 books, including Night, a work based on his experiences as a prisoner in the Auschwitz, Buna, and Buchenwald concentration camps. Wiesel is also the Advisory Board chairman of the newspaper Algemeiner Journal. When Wiesel was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1986, the Norwegian Nobel Committee called him a "messenger to mankind," stating that through his struggle to come to terms with "his own personal experience of total humiliation and of the utter contempt for humanity shown in Hitler's death camps", as well as his "practical work in the cause of peace", Wiesel had delivered a powerful message "of peace, atonement and human dignity" to humanity
Andreea Mădălina Răducan (born 30 September 1983) is a retired gymnast from Bârlad, Romania. Răducan began competing in gymnastics at a young age and was training at the Romanian junior national facility by the age of 12½. As one of the standout gymnasts of the Romanian team in the late 1990s, Răducan was known for both her difficult repertoire of skills and her dance and presentation. Over the course of her four-year senior career, she won Olympic or World Championships medals on every event except the uneven bars and earned three individual World Championships titles, on the floor exercise in 1999 and 2001 and the balance beam in 2001. Răducan competed at the 2000 Sydney Olympics, where she contributed heavily to the Romanian team's gold medal and won an individual silver medal on the vault. She was also the original winner of the all-around title, but was disqualified and stripped of her gold medal shortly after the competition concluded, when it was revealed that she had failed doping controls, testing positive for pseudoephedrine, at the time a banned substance. She and her coaches maintained that she had been given the substance in two cold medicine pills by a Romanian team physician, and that they had not impacted her performance in any way. The case generated a significant amount of media attention, and Răducan was supported by members of the gymnastics community and the Romanian public. Her case was brought to the Court of Arbitration for Sport in the fall of 2000. Răducan herself was exonerated of any personal wrongdoing by the CAS, the Romanian Olympic Committee and the International Gymnastics Federation, and was not subject to any disciplinary measures. However, her medal was not reinstated, and the team doctor who administered the medicine was banned for two Olympic cycles. Răducan returned the year after the Olympics to win five additional World Championships medals, but retired from gymnastics in 2002. As an adult, she has worked as a sports announcer and media personality, and has pursued University level studies in journalism.
Omu Peak is the mountain top ranked eleventh among mountain peaks in Romania, located in the Bucegi Massif, representing the highest point of this mountain. Its altitude is 2507 meters at the boulder on top, or 2514 meters on top of it. On Omu Peak is located Cabin Omu, and a weather station, Omu Peak, which can be considered the highest place in Romania permanently habited.
Reshared text: From west to east - ...this time :). View after sunrise from Custura Peak (2457m) towards east. Far in the background there are the Parang Mountains. The mountain crest seen here if the southern one of the Retezat Mountains, Romania. September, 2012.
Mihail Miluță Gheorghiu (2 octombrie 1897, Iași - 10 decembrie 1971, București) was a famous Romanian actor of theater (stage and vaudeville), known especially through his comedy roles in Alecsandri travesti (Coana Chiriţa, Muse of Burdujeni). He earned the title "People's Artist".
Paul Goma (born October 2 1935) is a Romanian writer, also known for his activities as a dissident and leading opponent of the communist regime before 1989. Forced into exile by the communist authorities, he became a political refugee and currently resides in France as a stateless person. More on:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Goma
Dan George Spătaru (October 2 1939 in Aliman, Constanţa County – September 8, 2004 in Bucharest) was a Romanian singer. Before singing, he wanted to be a sports coach. However, he never got to be one due to a lumbar disability. He started his singing career in 1966, at the "Mamaia" Festival. In 1969, he wrote his first hit "Trecea fanfara militară" (The Military Band Was Passing By). Subsequently he became famous in Romania with other songs such as: "De vrei să ştii ce înseamnă", "Dragu mi-i de ţara mea", "Drum bun", "Drumurile", "În rândul patru", "Măicuţă, îţi mulţumesc", "Nimic nu e prea mult", "Nu vreau să plângi", "Prietene", "Să cântăm, chitara mea", "Spune-mi, mama ce mai face", "Spune-mi unde, spune-mi cine", "Ţărăncuţă, ţărăncuţă", "Te-am iubit, Mario", "Te-aşteaptă un om".
Gheorghe Ţiţeica (4 October 1873 – 5 February 1939) was a Romanian mathematician with important contributions in geometry. He is recognized as the founder of the Romanian school of differential geometry. He showed an early interest in science, as well as music and literature. Ţiţeica was an accomplished violinist, having studied music since childhood: music was to remain his hobby. While studying at the Carol I High School in Craiova, he contributed to the school's magazine, writing the columns on mathematics and studies of literary critique. After graduation he obtained a scholarship at the preparatory school in Bucharest, where he also was admitted as a student of the mathematics department of the Faculty of Sciences. In June 1895, he graduated with a Bachelor of Mathematics.
Petre Ţuţea (October 6 1902 - December 3, 1991) was a Romanian philosopher, journalist and economist. Petre Ţuţea was born in the village of Boteni, Muscel region (now in Argeş County). His father, Petre Bădescu, was a Romanian Orthodox priest and his mother, Ana Ţuţea, was of peasant stock. After the First World War, Ţuţea left his village to finish high school in Cluj and went on to study law at he University of Cluj. After graduating, he obtained a PhD in Administrative Law, also at the University of Cluj. More on:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Petre_%C5%A2u%C5%A3ea
"ASTRA" National Museum Complex (Romanian: Complexul Naţional Muzeal "ASTRA" ) is a museum complex in Sibiu, Romania, which gathers under the same authority four ethnology and civilisation museums in the city, a series of laboratories for conservation and research, and a documentation centre. It is the successor of the ASTRA museum that has existed in the city since 1905. Its modern life started with the opening of The Museum of Folk Technology now The "ASTRA" Museum of the Traditional Folk Civilization in 1963.
Ion Voicu (October 8 1923 - February 24, 1997) was a Romanian violinist and orchestral conductor of Romani ethnicity. In 1969 he founded the award-winning Bucharest Chamber Orchestra, which is now conducted by his son Mădălin Voicu. Voicu was born in Bucharest, into a family of professional musicians. At age 14, he entered the Royal Academy of Music in Bucharest. After graduating in 1940, he became violinist with the National Radio Orchestra of Romania, where he was noticed by the conductor, Willem Mengelberg; Voicu made his debut as a soloist with the orchestra soon after. In 1946, he won the first prize at a musical competition organized in Bucharest by George Enescu and Yehudi Menuhin. In 1949, Voicu first appeared as a soloist with the George Enescu Philharmonic Orchestra under George Georgescu, and he achieved great acclaim as a participant in their 1957 tour of Belgrade; from 1972 to 1982, he was the director of the Philharmonic.